Endometriosis is a chronic disorder in which the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus, the endometrium, grows outside the uterus. Endometriosis typically also involves the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the tissue lining the pelvis.
During a woman’s menstrual cycle, the displaced endometrial tissue continues to thicken, break down, and bleed. However, the problem occurs when displaced endometrial tissue has no path to exit the body and it becomes trapped. The cause of and cure for endometriosis has yet to be discovered, but a variety of treatment options exist to manage symptoms.
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